Energy-Efficient Resource Allocation in Single-Cell OFDMA Systems: Multi-Objective Approach

In this paper, we investigate the energy-efficient resource allocation problem in a single-cell orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) system to achieve the energy efficiency (EE) tradeoff among users. Rather than overall system EE, our objective is to maximize the EE for each individual user. Therefore, a multiple-objective optimization problem is formulated, which in general has many Pareto optimal solutions and is hard to solve. To find its solution, we first convert it into two different single-objective optimization problems using the weighted-sum approach and the max-min approach, respectively. The single-objective optimization problems are non-convex due to the combinatorial channel allocation variables.

Therefore, for both problems, we first provide an upper bound algorithm by relaxing the combinatorial variables and then develop a suboptimal heuristic algorithm. The sum-of-ratios optimization and the generalized fractional programming are utilized for the weightedsum problem and the max-min problem, respectively. Numerical results demonstrate that both the weighted-sum and the max-min approaches can effectively solve the EE maximization problem, and the suboptimal heuristic algorithms can achieve a close performance to the corresponding upper bound algorithm.