Antenna in LTCC Technologies: A Review and the Current State of the Art

This paper presents a chronological review of the research carried out on antennas in low-temperature cofired ceramics (LTCC) technology over the last ten years or so. Major breakthroughs in LTCC technologies and its shortcomings are highlighted. The current state of the art of LTCC-technology-based antennas is then evaluated.

All realizable features of the LTCC-based antennas, which are compact and of light weight and offer high-speed functionality for portable electronic devices, are illustrated. Different techniques used by researchers for broadbanding, multiband designs, and fabrication of LTCC-based antennas are also presented. This paper ends with some recommendations and concluding remarks.